To discover these very basic concepts, we will look into some common and basic natural laws of Universe upon which a human being exists.
I think for that we need to first consider the fundamental importance of good and bad. Evil, we can discuss about it later. Because evil is closely related with good and bad.
So now we will get down to discuss good and bad.
But before discussing further about good and bad, let's first consider which organ holds this ideas in the first place. It is naturally brain. So what is a brain?
In my own words brain is an important organ in a human body that controls a human being physically as well as psychologically.
What does the web say about brain?
- that part of the central nervous system that includes all the higher nervous centers; enclosed within the skull; continuous with the spinal cord
- mental ability; "he's got plenty of brains but no common sense"
- mind: that which is responsible for one's thoughts and feelings; the seat of the faculty of reason; "his mind wandered"; "I couldn't get his words out of my head"
So next comes mind, What is mind?
So again lets answer this,
In my words it is also a faculty of brain, which are synonymous with each other. Where brain controls the central nervous system of the human body physically, mind(thought processes) does that job psychologically.
Then again brain stimulates the thought processes called mind. It is not ideas which stimulate these thought processes but brain. Why?
Let us further discuss this. If we look closely thought processes(mind) as such are not completely dependent on ideas as much as it is dependent on brain.
Brain stimulates, holds and alters thought processes originating in it from time to time, we call these thought processes as mind to overcome the various physical needs of the body such as nutrition and various other needs of the body including physiological and sexual and to judge danger. And hence as such they are never constant depending up on the type and nature of the needs including time dependent needs like a nature's call.
So I think as a principle there is no such fundamental need of ideas for the brain to function. Here, by fundamental I mean to suggest that it is not compulsory. A brain can accept or discard any idea based on its faculty of reason or thought processes or mind in other words. So I think it clearly proves ideas does not hold mind( thought processes) but brain.
And moreover what is an Idea?
The thought process is naturally linked with the human brain to accumulate ideas on its own. Whereas an idea is a pre-existing notion as a result of previous mental understanding, awareness or activity. When there's no such ideas existing in case of primitives, so it was the mind (natural thought processes) of brain which led him to ideas. And not vice versa.
Test case could be the first of the human species on the planet. What ideas they must have had to think further, if we consider them to be the very first primitives. Possibly absolutely nil.
Belief of course could necessarily be wrong but if proven could become basis for good. Hence as such there is strong clamor for beliefs even in this age. Then what is belief ?
Belief: any cognitive content held as true.
This makes man the single most powerful species on earth on the basis of this ability to distinguish between good and bad, right and wrong and truth and false.
So for this mind to sustain itself I think, it doesn't necessarily need any ideas from an outside source. And ideas, like belief could be good and bad, right and wrong, true and false until proven as such. But when it is proven beyond point, you can't help but accept it. Because it then transforms into truth.
Further discussing good and bad, and to move any further I think we need to look at some other words like True and False. Because I think good and bad are very much based on these words in essence.
What do you mean by True and False?
True is a thing which is consistent with reality according to wordnetweb.princeton.edu
False is a thing not in accordance with fact or reality or actuality according to wordnetweb.princeton.edu
So I think, societies, religions or people based on their standard of calculations made rules for themselves, both the physical as well as ideological aspects of life before any tangible proof of any religion existed. And since time immemorial these standards have been revised and updated. So now discussing further, it is rational to consider that a thing which is physical or ideological in nature to be considered good has to follow the natural principles of truth and false.
So now, good in essence is based on fundamental natural principles which are required to be consistent with reality.Natural principles because man is directly dependent on them, it cannot go underground or under water to live. He has to follow those principles in essence. Without which he may loose his faculties of thought leading to his ultimate demise.
And false in essence is based on fundamental natural principles which are not consistent with reality or fact or actuality and has to be discarded whenever such a case arises. And hence as such can be considered bad.
Societies, Religions and Governments are following a systematic continuous process of measurements and standards to evolve. They devise rules and laws about What is right and What is wrong for a society? Then there are further divisions involving religions, as religions are based on ideology, beliefs and faiths. A secular state does not subscribe to religion, where as a religious state subscribes to such a notion. So I think it is up to people to decide What is good? What is bad? , What is Right? What is Wrong? and What is Truth and What is False? for their respective societies and that in turn again has to confirm with international standards of human existence, failing which a scenario of conflict arises.
Evil, by this time you can easily figure out, I think that which is wrong, bad and false can be considered evil.
Problems and issues arise when it comes to ideological differences, because nothing is physical in nature and everything is illusion.
That's where indications of existence of a quintessential power behind all these natural systems come in to consideration and hence as such there is a claim for this Universe put up by various religions. And indicates about a scheme around which these complex life systems both physical and ideological in nature exist. That is the reason why we see expressions like joy, sorrow, happiness and sadness in many beings on earth.
If the world exists as it is claimed it just exists, What has it got to do with these expressions? Can societies exist without these very basic human expressions of Joy and sorrow? It is for you and me to decide on a personal level.
Thank you for reading. What do you think about these concepts? Please feel free to leave your comments.